Where did Moses, Aaron and Noah, and the other believers from the Old Testament, go after death? Did they go to Heaven or Hell, taking into account the fact that Jesus had not payed for all their sins on the cross yet?
The saints of the Old Testament were saved through their faith in Jesus Christ, whose coming was prophesied; the exact same way we, the nowadays saints, are saved through our faith in our Lord Jesus Christ, who has come on Earth two thousand years ago and has paid the penalty for our sins. Chapter eleven of Hebrews is entirely dedicated to these saints from the Old Testament. It says that they inherited the Kingdom of God, which can be inherited only through faith. They believed the Word of God and all His promises and prophecies made by Him in the Old Testament, about the ministry and person of our Lord Jesus Christ. Here is what we learn about Moses:
By faith Moses, when he was grown up, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh’s daughter, choosing rather to be mistreated with the people of God than to enjoy the fleeting pleasures of sin. He considered the reproach of Christ greater wealth than the treasures of Egypt, for he was looking to the reward. (Hebrews 11: 24- 26)
And concerning the place where the saints of the Old Testament are, I consider very relevant the story once told by the Lord Jesus:
There was a rich man who was clothed in purple and fine linen and who feasted sumptuously every day. And at his gate was laid a poor man named Lazarus, covered with sores, who desired to be fed with what fell from the rich man’s table. Moreover, even the dogs came and licked his sores. The poor man died and was carried by the angels to Abraham’s side. The rich man also died and was buried, and in Hades, being in torment, he lifted up his eyes and saw Abraham far off and Lazarus at his side. And he called out: ” Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send Lazarus to dip the end of his finger in water and cool my tongue, for I am in anguish in this flame.” But Abraham said: “Child, remember that you in your lifetime received your good things, and Lazarus in like manner bad things; but now he is comforted here, and you are in anguish. And besides all this, between us and you a great chasm has been fixed, in order that those who would pass from here to you may not be able, and none may cross from there to us.” And he said: ” Then I beg you, father, to send him to my father’s house- for I have five brothers- so that he may worn them, lest they also come into this place of tornment.” But Abraham said: ” They have Moses and the Prophets; let them hear them.” And he said: “No, father Abraham, but if someone goes to them from the dead, they will repent.” He said to him: ” If they do not hear Moses and the Prophets, neither will they be convinced if someone should rise from the dead.” (Luke 16: 19-31)
Lazarus was a righteous man, and when he died he was was carried by the angels to Abraham’s bosom. This is a place totaly different from Hades, whixh is a place of torment. In Abraham’s bosom, the saints of the Old Testament have been comforted, while those from Hell are suffering. None of them could cross from one place to another. The saints from the Old Testament were saved through their faith, which was credited to them as righteousness.
Translated by Mihaela Florescu