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tu eres una priest? Happy dying!
28.01.2015 17:20
i am the world most happiest woman today, my husband who left me many years ago has come back to me since i have use the love spell by Dr Agbalazzy Olorun from Africa, it has been really working for me 100%, the spell is great and am advicing everyone having stress in relationship and marriage issue, so on with pregnancy problem to quickly email Dr Agbalazzy for help now with his spiritual powers at;
12.12.2014 07:02
God bless you for this your wonderful message.
30.11.2014 21:52
If the Gentiles were not proselytes and uncircumcised could they still enter the synagogue?
22.11.2014 21:55
Based on scriptures, I have said it and will keep saying it again: I was not saved by observing the law (fornicating no more, committing adultery no more, stealing no more, killing no more etc) but I was saved by faith in Christ Jesus. (Grace ) And my sins were wiped off; my past sins, present and future, as long as I choose to remain under Grace, where the power of sin over my life has been broken and subdued eternally- that means when perhaps I fall to sin, (Pastor Vasile's son is still his son even if he is locked up in jail) the effect of sins cannot be felt over me, because of the covering of Grace- the New covenant of life which I am in with God, as t is entirely impossible for anyone whether born again or not to claim he or she has no sin in him: where sin before God, is sin, even as much as those things done out of faith. The power of death or judgment is sin, the power of sin is the law, but were there is no law, there is no transgression, and where there is no transgression, there is no sin, and where there is no sin, there is no judgment or death. Therefore, I AM NO LONGER UNDER THE LAW BUT UNDER GRACE, SAVED BY FAITH IN CHRIST JESUS, WHERE I STAND AS THE RIGHTEOUSNESS OF GOD IN CHRIST JESUS, HELPED BY THE HOLY SPIRIT TO LIVE THE CHRIST LIFE, YET BATH WITH MERCY AND GRACE WHEN I FALTER.....
20.11.2014 10:52
Second, third , fourth marriages is adultery unless the man has died for the woman and both if they remarry. So many have stay in sin.. Lets get real.. Mark 10: 7-12..
20.10.2014 22:43
More suitable for today's time if an armed gunman is standing before me and my initial reaction is panic I have sinned...but that does not mean that I did not have fear. However it's a good man is standing before me and I have fear but I remain calm in inside of myself I pray and and trust in the Lord I have not sinned. We have to understand that as humans we will have any emotion, but it is what we do with the emotion that will determine the sin.
18.10.2014 14:44
Again I disagree.. The Bible encourages us to fear not, but where does it call fear a 'Sin'? If that is the case then anger is a sin... And we know very clearly the Bible says be angry but sin not. I respect that you may be well educated, however I disagree that fear is a sin. The Bible says to bring everything to God and so if I have a fear my initial reaction is to bring it to God. There for having the fear is not the sin, but it is a reaction that determines whether or not you have sin. If I don't have enough money to pay my bills and I worry I have sinned. But if I don't have enough money to pay my bills and I pray and trust God I have not sinned.
18.10.2014 14:39
Ask the priest
Confession of sins

Why are there only 27 books in the New Testament?

1 oct 2010 | ora 13.58 Education | Priest Vasile Filat


Tell me, please, why are there in the Bible 27 books of the New Testament and not 26 or 28? Who decided it? Thanks in advance.

In the New Testament there are included only 27 books because only these 27 are inspired by God.

In the early Church

After the death, resurrection and ascension of our Lord Jesus Christ, and after the Day of Pentecost (when the Holy Spirit descended on earth and the Church was formed), the apostles went and preached the Gospel message of the Lord Jesus, sharing their testimony and the Old Testament Scriptures. Then, being guided by the Holy Spirit, the apostles and some of their disciples, began to write the teaching preached by the Apostles. Another form by which the true teaching was spread to Christians were epistles, that were written messages of the apostles addressed to some individuals or Christian communities from different localities. Then these letters circulated and were read in the church at the worship services.

The emergence of pseudo-Christian writings

From its beginnings, the Church has faced attacks on sound doctrine left by Jesus Christ. They came mostly from the Jewish religion and Greek philosophy. There was often attempted to filter into the church bad, heretical teaching through books that were intentionally and falsely attributed to the apostles. Therefore, when the Church of Thessalonica was attacked by a heretical doctrine, Apostle Paul wrote them:

Now we request you, brethren, with regard to the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ and our gathering together to Him, that you not be quickly shaken from your composure or be disturbed either by a spirit or a message or a letter as if from us, to the effect that the day of the Lord has come. (2 Thessalonians 2:1-2)(NASB)

The followers of heretical teachings have produced a very large number of writings and through them they attempted to undermine the true teaching of the Lord Jesus Christ, but in the Church they knew very well the writings that were inspired by God.

Marcion’s attack

For the first time, the heretic Marcion tried to make a list of canonical books, by this he wanted to strengthen his destructive teaching. Moreover, by compiling this list, he attempted to deny the divine inspiration of many books in the New Testament that were already well known and recognized by the Church.

Around 140 AD, that Marcion, who was a businessman, began teaching a form of Gnostic heresy. According to this heresy God of the Old Testament was full of hatred and incompatible with the New Testament God of love. Thus, he rejected the Old Testament in its entirety. To be able to justify the heresy he had initiated, Marcion published a canon, i.e. a list of books that he considered inspired by God and they formed the Sacred Scripture. In this list he included only about two thirds of the Gospel of Luke and 10 epistles of Paul. It was this situation that created in the Church the need for understanding and defining of documents (scripts) that were truly canonical. We must specify that Marcion did not start the process of defining the canon, but he rather led to the intensification of a process already begun.

Defining of Scriptures before Marcion

At that time of Marcion, there were already assembled two sets of documents that were circulating. The first was a collection of four Gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke and John) and this collection was called the Gospel. Other collection included the epistles of Paul and it was called the Pauline corpus. Both these collections were regarded as Scriptures and mentioned by Ignatius, the bishop of Antioch, about the year 115 AD. The fact in itself implies that these writings were circulating before. It is believed that there was a collection that included the Epistles of Peter, John, James and Jude and the Book of Acts.

The Moratorium Fragment

Towards the end of the second century there was already settled the New Testament content. It was found a document called “The Moratorium Fragment” and is called so because the entire document has not been identified, but only a part, a fragment. It refers to the Gospel of Luke as the third (by default the first two were Matthew and Mark), then the Gospel of John, 13 epistles of Paul, the Epistles of Judah, John, and Revelation and all are listed as the Scriptures.

Origen’s testimony

Origen lived and worked in the third century. He was one of the great teachers of the Church. He said that the Church had four Gospels and heretics have a lot of them (the Gospels). Then Origen enumerates the list of canonical books: Paul’s 13 epistles, 1 Peter, 1 John and Revelation. He further stated that at that time it was at issue the canonicity of the epistle to Hebrews, 2 Peter, 2 and 3 John, James and Jude.

The testimony of Eusebius

Eusebius of Caesarea is the great Christian historian who wrote the first Church History. I highly recommend you to get this book and read it. Eusebius lists as canonical all New Testament books that we use our day except the epistles of James, Jude, 2 Peter and 2 and 3 John. He said about these books that they were questioned by some, but generally accepted by most Christians of that time.

The testimony of Athanasius the Great

In 367 Athanasius, bishop of Alexandria, sent to the churches a letter with an Easter greeting and there he writes a list of the 27 canonical books of the New Testament, which we know today and have been always accepted by the whole Church.

The role of the Church Councils

At the Council of Hippo, which took place in the 393 and at the Council of Carthage in 397 there were once again approved the 27 books as the only ones that make up the New Testament Scriptures.

Who established the canon of the New Testament?

It is very important that every Christian knows that the New Testament canon was not discussed and fixed at ecumenical and local councils. At those of Hippo and Carthage canon that already existed for a long time was only approved (confirmed) once more. I like what Neil R. Lightfoot writes in this regard:

In conclusion it is important to emphasize that not the church councils have formed the canon of the Bible. It is not the Church, through its decrees (decisions) that gave infallibility to the books of the Bible. The Bible does not take its authority from individuals or groups of people. The Church does not define the canon but the canon defines the Church. Even if the church is the one that recognize the divine authority of the New Testament books, their authority does not derive from the Church, but is inherited in themselves. How a child identifies his mother, so the Church has identified the books known to have sole authority. (Neil R. Lightfoot, How We Got the Bible, Grand Rapids, 2003, p. 161-162)

New Testament canon was recognized by the Church in all times, so as today it is recognized by the Catholic, Orthodox, Protestant and neo-Protestant Churches. The division between these confessions did not come from Scripture, but from other writings that have been added or removed from the Scripture on the go.

Translated by Felicia Rotaru

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I pastor the ”Good News” Church in Chisinau, Moldova, I teach God's Word at the Inductive Bible Study Institute of Eurasia, and I also lead the "Precept Ministries in Moldova” Association. With God's help I founded the Taekwon-Do club " Stolas Leukas ""English for a New Life" School, the Computer School "ScripTehInfo", the International Sports Coaching School and the International Media School. I am married to Anastasia, and we have three children. Since April 2007 we have provided answers from the Bible on this website to 1186 questions submitted by readers. To learn more about me, please read here.
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